In what way the Orthodox Churches different from the Roman Catholic Church?
The main differences are the following:-
- The Orthodox Churches do not accept the supremacy of the Pope. They believe that reach regional Church should be administratively autocephalous (having its own head) and the highest authority in each Church is its own Synod of Metropolitans rather than anyone outside. They regard the Roman papacy as a denial of the Apostolic constitution of the Church.
- The Orthodox Church believes that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father, while Roman Catholic Church state that the Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son.
- The Orthodox Churchdo not accept the Infallibility of the Roman Pope.
- They do not accept as dogma the Roman Catholic teaching on the bodily assumption into heaven of the Virgin Mary after her death.
- Orthodox Church rejects the immaculate conception of St Mary, a new dogma introduced by Roman Pope in the eighteenth century.
- While the Roman Catholic Church accepts more than 25 Councils, theOriental Orthodox Churches accept only three Councils as Ecumenical, namely Nicea (325), Constantinople (381) and Ephesus (431).
- Orthodox Churches don not believe in Purgatory.